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About Lebanon

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NAHR AL-KALB

Nahr al-Kalb (Dog River) meaning Lycus of the Romans, contains 17 historical inscriptions dating back to 1290 B.C commemorating Egyptian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Greek, Roman and Arab historical events.
The Assyrians and Romans built a road and a bridge to overcome the steep cliffs, which made the area an impenetrable barrier.
In modern times a tunnel was built through the rock to accommodate the coastal highway, which changed the historic aspect of the site. Ramses II left three inscriptions between 1290 and 1224 BC, when he marched into Phoenicia. Five steles mark expeditions made by Assyrian kings. In Roman times the third Gallic Legion under Emperor Caracalla (211-217 AD) left a stele marking road work carried out here.
There are two inscriptions in Greek. One of them was accomplished in 382 by Proclus, Byzantine governor of Phoenecia under Theodose the Grand (388-395). Another stele commemorates the expedition that Napoleon III sent to Lebanon in 1860-1861.
Among the 20th century inscriptions, one records that French troops under General Gouraud took Damascus in 1920. Two others dated 1919 and 1930 report that the British Desert Corps took Damascus, Homs and Aleppo in October 1918. The British and French occupation of Beirut and Tripoli in October 1918 is recorded as well.
Another plaque commemorates the independence of Lebanon, and the end of the French Mandate.

 

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